Search results for Children

Related keywords Intersectionality Vulnerability Children born of rape

Related words child adolescent adolescence

Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC)

I.1 Children under the CRC

The CRC applies to all children. Under article 1, 'a child means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless under the law applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier'. While the CRC recognises the rights of all persons under 18 years, States should consider children's development and their evolving capacities when implementing their rights.

'Evolving capacities' refers to 'the process of maturation and learning through which children progressively acquire competencies, understanding and increasing levels of agency to take responsibility and exercise their rights'.

International Humanitarian Law

III.8 Special protection against CRSV is owed to children

This obligation is general in nature: IHL does not expressly list what steps States must take to safeguard children from CRSV, but it does highlight that they are a particularly at risk section of the population. Children are the 'object of special respect' and must be 'protected against any form of indecent assault'. States must provide them with the care and aid they require, as experience has shown that children, even the very youngest children, 'are not immune from sexual assault'.

Children deprived of their liberty. Children deprived of their liberty must be held in quarters separate from the quarters of adults, except where families are accommodated as family units. This separation should support the prevention of violence against children by non-family adult members, though notably is not a guarantee - children in situations of detention remain particularly at risk of abuse.

Introduction

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International Humanitarian Law

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Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Genocide Convention)

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International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD)

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International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR)

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Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)

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Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)

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Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

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African Union System

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Council of Europe System

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